On This Day - 22.02.2018

Events

705 - Empress Wu Zetian abdicates the throne, restoring the Tang dynasty.
1316 - Battle of Picotin between Ferdinand of Majorca and the forces of Matilda of Hainaut
1371 - Robert II becomes King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty.
1495 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city's throne.
1632 - Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
1651 - St. Peter's Flood: A storm surge floods the Frisian coast, drowning 15,000 people.
1744 - War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon causes several Royal Navy captains to be court-martialed, and the Articles of War to be amended.
1797 - The last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales.
1819 - By the Adams/Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
1821 - Greek War of Independence: Alexander Ypsilantis crosses the Prut river at Sculeni into the Danubian Principalities.
1847 - Mexican/American War: The Battle of Buena Vista: Five thousand American troops defeat 15,000 Mexicans troops.
1848 - The French Revolution of 1848, which would lead to the establishment of the French Second Republic, begins.
1853 - Washington University in St. Louis is founded as Eliot Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.
1855 - The Pennsylvania State University is founded in State College, Pennsylvania (as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania).
1856 - The United States Republican Party opens its first national convention in Pittsburgh.
1862 - Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia. He was previously inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
1872 - The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee.
1879 - In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of five-and-dime Woolworth stores.
1899 - Filipino forces led by General Antonio Luna launch counterattacks for the first time against the American forces during the Philippine–American War. The Filipinos fail to regain Manila from the Americans.
1904 - The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
1909 - The sixteen battleships of the Great White Fleet, led by USS Connecticut, return to the United States after a voyage around the world.
1915 - World War I: The Imperial German Navy institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.
1921 - After Russian forces under Baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg drive the Chinese out, the Bogd Khan is reinstalled as the emperor of Mongolia.
1924 - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a radio address from the White House.
1942 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable.
1943 - World War II: Members of the White Rose resistance, Sophie Scholl, Hans Scholl, and Christoph Probst are executed in Nazi Germany.
1944 - World War II: American aircraft mistakenly bomb the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.
1944 - World War II: The Soviet Red Army recaptures Krivoi Rog.
1948 - Communist coup in Czechoslovakia.
1957 - Ngô Dình Diem of South Vietnam survives a communist shooting assassination attempt in Buôn Ma Thuit.
1958 - Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.
1959 - Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
1972 - The Official Irish Republican Army detonates a car bomb at Aldershot barracks, killing seven and injuring nineteen others.
1973 - Cold War: Following President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China, the two countries agree to establish liaison offices.
1974 - The Organisation of the Islamic Conference summit begins in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries attend and twenty-two heads of state and government participate. It also recognizes Bangladesh.
1974 - Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon.
1979 - Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.
1980 - Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3.
1983 - The notorious Broadway flop Moose Murders opens and closes on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.
1986 - Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
1994 - Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
1995 - The Corona reconnaissance satellite program, in existence from 1959 to 1972, is declassified.
1997 - In Roslin, Midlothian, Scottish scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly has been successfully cloned.
2002 - Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.
2005 - The 6.4 Mw Zarand earthquake shakes the Kerman Province of Iran with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), leaving 612 people dead and 1,411 injured.
2006 - At least six men stage Britain's biggest robbery, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
2011 - New Zealand's second deadliest earthquake strikes Christchurch, killing 185 people.
2011 - Bahraini uprising: Tens of thousands of people march in protest against the deaths of seven victims killed by police and army forces during previous protests.
2012 - A train crash in Buenos Aires, Argentina, kills 51 people and injures 700 others.
2014 - President Viktor Yanukovych of Ukraine is impeached by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine by a vote of 328-0, fulfilling a major goal of the Euromaidan rebellion.
2015 - A ferry carrying 100 passengers capsizes in the Padma River, killing 70 people.

Births

1040 - Rashi, French rabbi and author (died 1105)
1403 - Charles VII of France (died 1461)
1440 - Ladislaus the Posthumous, Hungarian king (died 1457)
1500 - Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian cardinal (died 1564)
1514 - Tahmasp I, Iranian ruler (died 1576)
1732 - George Washington, American general and politician, 1st President of the United States (died 1799)
1749 - Johann Nikolaus Forkel, German musicologist and theorist (died 1818)
1778 - Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (died 1860)
1788 - Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher and author (died 1860)
1796 - Alexis Bachelot, French priest and missionary (died 1837)
1796 - Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian mathematician, astronomer, and sociologist (died 1874)
1806 - Józef Kremer, Polish historian and philosopher (died 1875)
1810 - Frédéric Chopin, Polish pianist and composer (died 1849)
1817 - Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician and academic (died 1880)
1819 - James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic (died 1891)
1824 - Pierre Janssen, French astronomer and mathematician (died 1907)
1825 - Jean-Baptiste Salpointe, French-American archbishop (died 1898)
1836 - Mahesh Chandra Nyayratna Bhattacharyya, Indian scholar and academic (died 1906)
1840 - August Bebel, German theorist and politician (died 1913)
1849 - Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician and academic (died 1915)
1857 - Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, English general, co-founded The Scout Association (died 1941)
1857 - Heinrich Hertz, German physicist, philosopher, and academic (died 1894)
1863 - Charles McLean Andrews, American historian, author, and academic (died 1943)
1864 - Jules Renard, French author and playwright (died 1910)
1876 - Zitkala-Sa, American author and activist (died 1938)
1874 - Bill Klem, American baseball player and umpire (died 1951)
1879 - Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, Danish chemist and academic (died 1947)
1881 - Joseph born Ely, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of Massachusetts (died 1956)
1881 - Albin Prepeluh, Slovenian journalist and politician (died 1937)
1882 - Eric Gill, English sculptor and illustrator (died 1940)
1883 - Marguerite Clark, American actress (died 1940)
1886 - Hugo Ball, German author and poet (died 1927)
1887 - Savielly Tartakower, Polish journalist, author, and chess player (died 1956)
1888 - Owen Brewster, American captain and politician, 54th Governor of Maine (died 1961)
1889 - Olave Baden-Powell, English scout leader, founded the Girl Guides (died 1977)
1889 - R. G. Collingwood, English historian and philosopher (died 1943)
1891 - Vlas Chubar, Russian economist and politician (died 1939)
1892 - Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (died 1950)
1895 - Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Peruvian politician (died 1979)
1899 - Dwight Frye, American actor (died 1943)
1899 - George O'Hara, American actor and screenwriter (died 1966)
1900 - Luis Buñuel, Spanish-Mexican director and producer (died 1983)
1903 - Morley Callaghan, Canadian author and playwright (died 1990)
1903 - Frank P. Ramsey, English economist, mathematician, and philosopher (died 1930)
1907 - Sheldon Leonard, American actor, director, and producer (died 1997)
1907 - Robert Young, American actor, singer, and producer (died 1998)
1908 - Rómulo Betancourt, Venezuelan politician, 56th President of Venezuela (died 1981)
1908 - John Mills, English actor and producer (died 2005)
1914 - Renato Dulbecco, Italian-American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2012)
1917 - Reed Crandall, American illustrator (died 1982)
1918 - Sid Abel, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and manager (died 2000)
1918 - Don Pardo, American radio and television announcer (died 2014)
1918 - Robert Wadlow, American giant (died 1940)
1921 - Jean-Bédel Bokassa, Central African general and politician, 2nd President of the Central African Republic (died 1996)
1921 - Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (died 1994)
1922 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (died 1959)
1922 - Joe Wilder, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (died 2014)
1923 - Bleddyn Williams, Welsh rugby player and sportscaster (died 2009)
1925 - Edward Gorey, American illustrator and poet (died 2000)
1925 - Gerald Stern, American poet and academic
1926 - Kenneth Williams, English actor and screenwriter (died 1988)
1927 - Florencio Campomanes, Filipino political scientist and chess player (died 2010)
1927 - Donald May, American actor
1927 - Guy Mitchell, American singer (died 1999)
1928 - Clarence 13X, American religious leader, founded the Nation of Gods and Earths (died 1969)
1928 - Texas Johnny Brown, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 2013)
1928 - Paul Dooley, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1928 - Bruce Forsyth, English singer and television host
1929 - James Hong, American actor and director
1930 - Marni Nixon, American soprano and actress (died 2016)
1932 - Ted Kennedy, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (died 2009)
1933 - Katharine, Duchess of Kent
1933 - Sheila Hancock, English actress and author
1934 - Sparky Anderson, American baseball player and manager (died 2010)
1936 - J. Michael Bishop, American microbiologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate
1936 - Ernie K-Doe, American singer (died 2001)
1937 - Joanna Russ, American author and activist (died 2011)
1938 - Steve Barber, American baseball player (died 2007)
1938 - Ishmael Reed, American author, poet, and playwright
1940 - Judy Cornwell, English actress
1941 - Hipólito Mejía, Dominican politician, 52nd President of the Dominican Republic
1942 - Christine Keeler, English model and dancer
1943 - Terry Eagleton, English philosopher and critic
1943 - Horst Köhler, Polish-German economist and politician, 9th President of Germany
1943 - Otoya Yamaguchi, Japanese assassin of Inejiro Asanuma (died 1960)
1944 - Jonathan Demme, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1944 - Robert Kardashian, American lawyer and businessman (died 2003)
1944 - Christopher Meyer, English diplomat, British Ambassador to the United States
1944 - Tom Okker, Dutch tennis player and painter
1946 - Kresten Bjerre, Danish footballer and manager (died 2014)
1947 - Pirjo Honkasalo, Finnish director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
1947 - Harvey Mason, American drummer (Fourplay and The Headhunters)
1947 - John Radford, English footballer and manager
1947 - Frank Van Dun, Belgian philosopher and theorist
1949 - Niki Lauda, Austrian race car driver
1949 - Olga Morozova, Russian tennis player and coach
1950 - Julius Erving, American basketball player and sportscaster
1950 - Lenny Kuhr, Dutch singer-songwriter
1950 - Genesis P-Orridge, English singer-songwriter (Throbbing Gristle, Psychic TV, Thee Majesty, Pigface, and Splinter Test)
1950 - Julie Walters, English actress and author
1951 - Ellen Greene, American singer and actress
1952 - Albert Bryant, Jr., American general
1952 - Cyrinda Foxe, American model and actress (died 2002)
1952 - Bill Frist, American physician and politician
1952 - Bernard Silverman, English minister, statistician, and academic
1953 - Graham Lewis, English bass player (Wire and Dome)
1953 - Nigel Planer, English actor and screenwriter
1955 - David Axelrod, American journalist and political adviser
1955 - Tim Young, Canadian ice hockey player
1956 - Hugh Hewitt, American lawyer, academic, and radio host
1957 - Willie Smits, Dutch microbiologist and engineer
1958 - Dave Spitz, American bass player and songwriter (Black Sabbath, White Lion, Great White, and Impellitteri)
1959 - Kyle MacLachlan, American actor
1960 - Charles Cullen, American serial killer
1960 - Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, Scottish politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1961 - Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Lazy and Loudness)
1962 - Steve Irwin, Australian zoologist and television host (died 2006)
1963 - Andrew Adonis, Baron Adonis, English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Transport
1963 - Devon Malcolm, Jamaican-English cricketer
1963 - Vijay Singh, Fijian-American golfer
1964 - Ed Boon, American video game designer, co-created Mortal Kombat
1964 - Gigi Fernández, Puerto Rican-American tennis player
1965 - Chris Dudley, American basketball player and politician
1965 - Kieren Fallon, Irish jockey
1965 - Pat LaFontaine, American ice hockey player
1966 - Rachel Dratch, American actress
1966 - Jason Feddy, English singer-songwriter
1966 - Thorsten Kaye, German-English actor
1967 - Psicosis II, Mexican wrestler
1968 - Shawn Graham, Canadian politician, 31st Premier of New Brunswick
1968 - Bradley Nowell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Sublime) (died 1996)
1968 - Jeri Ryan, American model and actress
1968 - Jayson Williams, American basketball player and sportscaster
1969 - Thomas Jane, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1969 - Clinton Kelly, American fashion consultant and television host
1969 - Brian Laudrup, Danish footballer and sportscaster
1971 - Super Caló, Mexican wrestler
1971 - Lea Salonga, Filipino actress and singer
1972 - Michael Chang, American tennis player and coach
1972 - Claudia Pechstein, German speed skater
1973 - Philippe Gaumont, French cyclist (died 2013)
1973 - Juninho Paulista, Brazilian footballer
1973 - Scott Phillips, American drummer and producer (Creed, Alter Bridge, and Projected)
1974 - James Blunt, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1974 - Nina Flowers, Puerto Rican-American drag queen performer and DJ
1974 - Chris Moyles, English radio and television host
1975 - Drew Barrymore, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
1977 - Timo Rose, German actor, director, and producer
1977 - Hakan Yakin, Swiss footballer
1978 - Jenny Frost, English singer and dancer (Precious and Atomic Kitten)
1979 - Brett Emerton, Australian footballer
1979 - Lee Na-young, South Korean actress
1980 - Shamari Fears, American singer-songwriter and actress (Blaque)
1980 - Kang Sung-hoon, South Korean singer (Sechs Kies)
1981 - Jeanette Biedermann, German singer-songwriter and actress
1983 - Clint McKay, Australian cricketer
1983 - Shaun Tait, Australian cricketer
1984 - Tommy Bowe, Irish rugby player
1985 - Hameur Bouazza, Algerian footballer
1985 - Georgios Printezis, Greek basketball player
1986 - Rajon Rondo, American basketball player
1987 - Han Hyo-joo, South Korean actress and model
1987 - Sergio Romero, Argentinian footballer
1988 - Jonathan Borlée, Belgian sprinter
1988 - Efraín Juárez, Mexican footballer
1988 - Ximena Navarrete, Mexican model and actress, Miss Universe 2010
1989 - Alia Sabur, American engineer, lawyer, and academic
1989 - Anna Sundstrand, Swedish singer, dancer, and actress (Play)
1989 - Franco Vázquez, Argentinian footballer
1990 - Cecil Kishimoto, Japanese model
1990 - Luca Profeta, Italian footballer
1990 - Scott Winkler, Norwegian ice hockey player (died 2013)
1992 - Alexander Merkel, Kazakhstani-German footballer
1994 - Ellen Marlow, American actress

Deaths

556 - Maximianus of Ravenna, Italian bishop and saint (born 499)
606 - Pope Sabinian
965 - Otto, Duke of Burgundy (born 944)
1071 - Arnulf III, Count of Flanders (born 1055)
1371 - David II of Scotland (born 1324)
1511 - Henry, Duke of Cornwall (born 1511)
1512 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian cartographer and explorer (born 1454)
1500 - Gerhard VI, Count of Oldenburg, German noble (born 1430)
1627 - Olivier van Noort, Dutch explorer (born 1558)
1674 - Jean Chapelain, French poet and critic (born 1595)
1680 - La Voisin, French occultist (born 1640)
1690 - Charles Le Brun, French painter and theorist (born 1619)
1731 - Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (born 1638)
1732 - Francis Atterbury, English bishop (born 1663)
1799 - Heshen, Chinese politician (born 1750)
1816 - Adam Ferguson, Scottish historian and philosopher (born 1723)
1875 - Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter and illustrator (born 1796)
1875 - Charles Lyell, Scottish-English geologist and lawyer (born 1797)
1888 - Anna Kingsford, English physician and activist (born 1846)
1890 - John Jacob Astor III, American businessman and philanthropist (born 1822)
1890 - Carl Bloch, Danish painter and academic (born 1834)
1897 - Charles Blondin, French tightrope walker and acrobat (born 1824)
1898 - Heungseon Daewongun, Korean king (born 1820)
1903 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (born 1860)
1904 - Leslie Stephen, English historian, author, and critic (born 1832)
1913 - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist and author (born 1857)
1923 - Théophile Delcassé, French politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (born 1852)
1939 - Antonio Machado, Spanish-French poet and author (born 1875)
1942 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian journalist, author, and playwright (born 1881)
1943 - Christoph Probst, German activist (born 1919)
1943 - Hans Scholl, German activist (born 1918)
1943 - Sophie Scholl, German activist (born 1921)
1944 - Kasturba Gandhi, Indian activist (born 1869)
1958 - Abul Kalam Azad, Indian scholar and politician, Indian Minister of Education (born 1888)
1960 - Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian-French painter and critic (born 1905)
1961 - Nick LaRocca, American trumpet player and composer (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (born 1889)
1965 - Felix Frankfurter, Austrian-American lawyer and jurist (born 1882)
1973 - Jean-Jacques Bertrand, Canadian lawyer and politician, 21st Premier of Quebec (born 1916)
1973 - Elizabeth Bowen, Irish-English author (born 1899)
1973 - Katina Paxinou, Greek actress (born 1900)
1973 - Winthrop Rockefeller, American colonel and politician, 37th Governor of Arkansas (born 1912)
1976 - Angela Baddeley, English actress (born 1904)
1976 - Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (born 1943)
1978 - Phyllis McGinley, American author and poet (born 1905)
1978 - Dennie Moore, American actress (born 1902)
1980 - Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian painter, poet and playwright (born 1886)
1982 - Josh Malihabadi, Indian-Pakistani poet and author (born 1898)
1983 - Adrian Boult, English conductor (born 1889)
1983 - Romain Maes, Belgian cyclist (born 1913)
1984 - David Vetter, American SCID victim (born 1971)
1985 - Salvador Espriu, Spanish author, poet, and playwright (born 1913)
1985 - Alexander Scourby, American actor (born 1913)
1985 - Efrem Zimbalist, Russian violinist, composer, and conductor (born 1889)
1987 - David Susskind, American talk show host and producer (born 1920)
1987 - Andy Warhol, American painter and photographer (born 1928)
1992 - Markos Vafiadis, Greek general and politician (born 1906)
1994 - Papa John Creach, American violinist (Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna, and The Dinosaurs) (born 1917)
1995 - Ed Flanders, American actor (born 1934)
1997 - Joseph Aiuppa, American gangster (born 1907)
1998 - Abraham A. Ribicoff, American lawyer and politician, 4th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (born 1910)
1999 - William Bronk, American poet and academic (born 1918)
1999 - Menno Oosting, Dutch tennis player (born 1964)
2002 - Roden Cutler, Australian lieutenant and politician, 32nd Governor of New South Wales (born 1916)
2002 - Chuck Jones, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (born 1912)
2002 - Jonas Savimbi, Angolan general, founded UNITA (born 1934)
2004 - Andy Seminick, American baseball player, coach, and manager (born 1920)
2005 - Lee Eun-ju, South Korean actress and singer (born 1980)
2005 - Simone Simon, French actress (born 1910)
2006 - Anthony Burger, American pianist and singer (The Kingsmen Quartet) (born 1961)
2007 - George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe, English admiral and politician, Leader of the House of Lords (born 1918)
2007 - Dennis Johnson, American basketball player and coach (born 1954)
2011 - Nicholas Courtney, Egyptian-English actor (born 1929)
2012 - Sukhbir, Indian author and poet (born 1925)
2012 - Frank Carson, Irish-English comedian and actor (born 1926)
2012 - Marie Colvin, American journalist (born 1956)
2012 - Rémi Ochlik, French photographer and journalist (born 1983)
2013 - Atje Keulen-Deelstra, Dutch speed skater (born 1938)
2013 - Jean-Louis Michon, French-Swiss scholar and translator (born 1924)
2013 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German pianist and conductor (born 1923)
2014 - Charlotte Dawson, New Zealand/Australian television host (born 1966)
2014 - Trebor Jay Tichenor, American pianist and composer (born 1940)
2014 - Leo Vroman, Dutch-American hematologist, poet, and illustrator (born 1915)
2015 - Chris Rainbow, Scottish singer-songwriter and producer (born 1946)
2016 - Yolande Fox, American model and singer, Miss America 1951 (born 1928)
2016 - Sonny James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1928)
2016 - Yochanan Sofer, Hungarian-Israeli rabbi (born 1923)